Sunday, March 7, 2010

Great approaches to slow the increasing greenhouse gases

There are two main approaches
to slow the increasing greenhouse gases.

First: Prevent carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere by storing the gas or its carbon component somewhere else. This is called carbon sequestration (removing carbon).

The easiest way to remove carbon dioxide in the air is to maintain trees and plant more trees. Trees, especially young and fast growing, absorb very much carbon dioxide, break through photosynthesis and store carbon in the wood.

Around the world, the level of encroachment has reached an alarming level. In many areas, plants that grow back a bit because the soil loses its fertility when modified for other uses, such as for agriculture or housing development. Steps to overcome this is to reforestation that play a role in reducing the increase in greenhouse gases.

Carbon dioxide gas can also be eliminated directly. How to inject (inject) the gas into oil wells to encourage the oil out to the surface. Injections can also be done to isolate the gas below ground as in oil wells, coal layer or aquifer. This was done in one of offshore drilling rigs Norowegia, in which carbon dioxide is brought to the surface with natural gas injected arrested and returned to the aquifer that can not be returned to the surface.

Second: Reduce production of greenhouse gases.

One source contributor of carbon dioxide is the burning of fossil fuels (oil, coal). The use of fossil fuels began to increase rapidly since the industrial revolution in the 18th century. At that time, coal became the dominant energy source for later replaced by oil in the mid-19th century. In the 20th century, began regular gas energy is used in the world as a source of energy.

Change trend of fossil fuel use is actually indirectly have reduced the amount of carbon dioxide released into the air, because the gas release less carbon dioxide compared to oil especially when compared to coal.

However, the use of renewable energy and more nuclear energy to reduce the release of carbon dioxide into the air. Nuclear energy, although controversial for reasons of safety and hazardous waste, carbon dioxide release was not even at all.